All Inclusive cemeteries in Jefferson County
Multiple Cemeteries Civil War Veterans Digital Index
Steubenville Union Cemetery Civil War Veterans Digital Index
Various Cemeteries Digital Index
Smithfield Justice of the Peace Records
All Vital Records Departments listed below are in the Jefferson County Courthouse at 301 Market Street, Steubenville, OH 43952. Phone: 740-283-8566. The Official County website is located at  NOTE - Access to any records listed can change without notice at any given time. It is always best to contact the office, first, before requesting records.

Jefferson County Clerk of Probate Court has Marriage Records from 1816, Birth / Death Records from 1867-1908 and Probate Records from 1819 and is located at the courthouse; Phone: 740-283-8555.The Probate Court handles the following administrative functions: the probating of wills, estate administrations (full estates and releases from administration), trusts, guardianships of incompetent adults and minors, commitment hearings for the mentally ill and mentally challenged, adoptions, birth corrections, name changes, delayed birth registrations, custodial accounts, lost heir accounts, order disinterments, and issues marriage licenses. In addition, the Court tries litigation issues in all the above matters. A unique aspect of the Probate Court is that the Probate Judge is the ex-officio Clerk of Courts, thus, the Court performs all the duties as its own Clerk of Courts (indexing, filing, docketing, etc.). The term probate comes from the Latin word probatio, meaning, to prove, wherein matters in early English religious courts were proven before an ecclesiastical judge. Early American probate courts may be traced back to English courts of chancery and ecclesiastical, or religious, courts, which had jurisdiction over the probate of wills, administration of estates and guardianships.

Jefferson County Recorder has Land Records from 1816 and is located at the courthouse. Phone Number: Phone: 740-283-8566, Fax: 740-283-4007. In Ohio, the Recorder , as an elected official, is charged by law with the exacting duty of keeping certain specific records which may include: deeds, mortgages, financing statements, easements, leases, federal tax liens, personal tax liens, military discharges, powers of attorney, mechanics liens, plats, recognizance liens, partnerships, living wills, zoning resolutions, etc. The practice of recording real estate documents is based on law in England which traveled to the New World with the colonists. Public land registrars were appointed in colonial America to keep accurate records. A system of registration was necessary to prove the rights of persons who first made claims to property.

Jefferson County Clerk of Court of Common Pleas has Court Records from 1816 and is located at the courthouse. Phone Number: 740-283-8554. The Clerk of Courts of Common Pleas is responsible for various administrative and ministerial duties in conjunction with the Court of Common Pleas.  These duties include filing, docketing, indexing, and preserving all court pleadings for civil, felony criminal and domestic relations cases.  The Clerk of Courts must also follow procedure required by law and issues writs to carry out Court orders.  Some of these writs include summons, subpoenas, warrants to arrest and to convey to penal institutions, and signing the death warrant in capital cases.  The Clerk is responsible for the receipt and disbursement of all money paid into the court system. Other services provided by the Clerk of Court of Common Pleas are accepting bonds, recording notary commissions, administering oaths, keeping naturalization records, and recording and retention of coroner records.
The Ohio Historical Society Archives/Library has most birth records before 1908 and copies of original death certificates on microfilm for the period December 20, 1908 through 1953.